1992 - Detroit - Malice Wayne
November 5, 1992 - Two white police officers approach Malice Wayne Green, a 35-year-old black motorist, after he parks outside a
suspected drug den. Witnesses say the police strike the unarmed man in the head repeatedly with heavy flashlights. The officers claim they feared Green was trying to reach for one of their weapons.
Green dies of his injuries later that night.
November 16, 1992 - Two officers, Larry Nevers and Walter Budzyn, are charged with second-degree murder. Sgt. Freddie Douglas, a
supervisor who arrived on the scene after a call for backup, is charged with involuntary manslaughter and willful neglect of duty. Another officer, Robert Lessnau, is charged with assault with intent
to do great bodily harm.
November 18, 1992 - The Detroit Free Press reports that toxicology tests revealed alcohol and a small amount of cocaine in Green's
system. A medical examiner later states that Green's head injuries, combined with the cocaine and alcohol in his system, led to his death.
December 1992 - The Detroit police chief fires the four officers.
August 23, 1993 - Nevers and Budzyn are convicted of murder after a 45-day trial. Lessnau is acquitted. Nevers sentence is 12 to 25
years, while Budzyn's sentence is eight to 18 years. The charge against Douglas had been dismissed before the trial.
1997-1998 - The Michigan Supreme Court orders a retrial for Budzyn due to possible jury bias. During the second trial, a jury convicts
Budzyn of a less serious charge, involuntary manslaughter and he is released with time served.
2000-2001 - A jury finds Nevers guilty of involuntary manslaughter after a second trial. He is released from prison in 2001.
2006 - Nevers' book about the incident and the trial, "Good Cops, Bad Verdict: How Racial Politics Convicted Us of Murder," is
2013 - The city demolishes a structure with a memorial for Green, a mural painted on the building near the street where the fatal
confrontation took place.
1997 - New York - Abner Louima
August 9, 1997 - Abner Louima, a 33-year-old Haitian immigrant, is arrested for interfering with officers trying to break up a fight
in front of the Club Rendez-vous nightclub in Brooklyn. Louima alleges, while handcuffed, police officers lead him to the precinct bathroom and sodomized him with a plunger or broomstick.
August 15, 1997 - Police officers Justin Volpe and Charles Schwarz are charged with aggravated sexual abuse and first-degree
August 16, 1997 - Thousands of angry protesters, many waving toilet plungers, gather outside Brooklyn's 70th Precinct to demonstrate
against what they say is a long-standing problem of police brutality against minorities. Throughout the day, protesters, many of them Haitian, taunt police, chanting, "No justice, no peace." At some
times, protesters stand toe to toe with officers watching the protest from behind a barricade, and call the officers racist and fascist.
August 18, 1997 - Two more officers, Thomas Wiese and Thomas Bruder, are charged with assault and criminal possession of a
February 26, 1998 - Volpe, Bruder, Schwarz and Wiese are indicted on federal civil rights charges in Louima's case. A fifth officer,
Michael Bellomo, is accused of helping the others cover up the alleged beating, as well as an alleged assault on another Haitian immigrant, Patrick Antoine, the same night.
May 1999 - Volpe pleads guilty to beating and sodomizing Louima. He is later sentenced to 30 years in prison.
June 8, 1999 - Schwarz is convicted of beating Louima, then holding him down while he was being tortured. Wiese, Bruder, and Bellomo
are acquitted. Schwarz is later sentenced to 15 and a half years in prison for perjury.
March 6, 2000 - In a second trial, Schwarz, Wiese, and Bruder are convicted for conspiring to obstruct justice by covering up the
September 2002 - Schwarz pleads guilty to perjury and is sentenced to five years in prison. He had been scheduled to face a new trial
for civil rights violations but agreed to a deal with prosecutors.
1999 - New York - Amadou Diallo
March 25, 1999 - A Bronx grand jury votes to indict the four officers - Sean Carroll, Edward McMellon, Kenneth Boss and Richard Murphy
- for second-degree murder.
February 25, 2000 - The officers are acquitted of state murder charges.
January 2001 - The US Justice Department announces it will not pursue federal civil rights charges against the officers.
January 2004 - Diallo's family settles a wrongful death lawsuit for $3 million dollars.
2005 - New Orleans - The Danziger
September 4, 2005 -
Six days after Hurricane Katrina
devastates the area, New Orleans police officers receive a radio call that
two officers are down under the Danziger vertical-lift bridge. According to the officers, people were shooting at them and they returned fire.
-- Brothers Ronald and Lance Madison, along with four members of the Bartholomew family, are shot by police officers. Ronald Madison, 40, who is intellectually disabled, and James Brisette, 17 (some
sources say 19), are fatally wounded.
December 28, 2006 - Police Sgts. Kenneth Bowen and Robert Gisevius and officers Robert Faulcon and Anthony Villavaso are charged with
first-degree murder. Officers Robert Barrios, Michael Hunter and Ignatius Hills are charged with attempted murder.
August 2008 - State charges against the officers are thrown out.
July 12, 2010 - Four officers are indicted on federal charges of murdering Brissette: Bowen, Gisevius, Faulcon and Villavaso. Faulcon
is also charged with Madison's murder. Bowen, Gisevius, Faulcon and Villavaso, along with Arthur Kaufman and Gerard Dugue are charged with covering up the shooting.
April 8, 2010 - Hunter pleads guilty in federal court of covering up the police shooting. In December, he is sentenced to eight years
August 5, 2011 - The jury finds five officers guilty of civil rights and obstruction charges: Bowen, Gisevius, Faulcon, Villavaso and
October 5, 2011 - Hills receives a six and a half year sentence for his role in the shooting.
April 4, 2012 - A federal judge sentences five officers to prison terms ranging from six to 65 years for the shootings of unarmed
civilians. Faulcon receives 65 years. Bowen and Gisevius both receive 40 years. Villavaso receives 38 years. Kaufman was not involved in the shooting, just the cover up, so he receives a lighter
sentence than the others do.
March 2013 - After a January 2012 mistrial, Dugue's trial is delayed indefinitely.
September 17, 2013 - Bowen, Gisevius, Faulcon, Villavaso and Kaufman are awarded a new trial.
April 20, 2016 -
Bowen, Gisevius, Faulcon, Villavaso and Kaufman plead guilty in exchange for reduced
The five officers will serve between three and 12 years in prison, down from their original sentences of six to 65 years.
2006 - New York - Sean Bell
December 2006 - Al Sharpton
leads a rally in Manhattan, "Shopping for Justice," to protest the shooting.
March 2007 - Three of the five officers involved in the shooting are indicted: Detectives Gescard F. Isnora and Michael Oliver are
charged with manslaughter, and Michael Oliver is charged with reckless endangerment.
April 25, 2008 - The three officers are acquitted of all charges.
February 16, 2010 - The Department of Justice announces that it will not pursue federal civil rights charges against the police
July 27, 2010 - New York City settles a lawsuit for more than $7 million filed by Bell's family and two of his friends.
2009 - Oakland, California - Oscar
January 1, 2009 - San Francisco Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART)
officer Johannes Mehserle shoots Oscar Grant, an
unarmed 22-year-old, in the back while he is lying face down on a platform at the Fruitvale BART station in Oakland.
January 7, 2009 - Footage from station KTVU shows demonstrators vandalizing businesses and assaulting police in Oakland during a
protest. About 105 people are arrested. Some protesters lie on their stomachs, saying they were showing solidarity with Grant, who was shot in the back.
January 27, 2010 - The mother of Grant's young daughter receives a $1.5 million settlement in her lawsuit against BART.
July 8, 2010 - A jury finds Mehserle guilty of involuntary manslaughter. At the trial, Mehserle says that he intended to draw and fire
his Taser rather than his gun.
November 5, 2010 - Mehserle is sentenced to two years in prison. He will be able to apply 292 days of time served and may be released
in seven months. Outrage over the light sentence leads to a night of violent protests.
June 2011 - Mehserle is released from prison.
July 30, 2013 - A federal appeals court rejects Mehserle's claim of immunity. This allows Grant's father to file a civil lawsuit
July 12, 2013 - The movie, "Fruitvale Station" opens in limited release. It dramatizes the final hours of Grant's life.
July 7, 2014 - The federal jury does not award any damages in the civil lawsuit brought by Grant's father.
2011 - Fullerton, California - Kelly
July 5, 2011 - Fullerton police officers respond to a call about a homeless man looking into car windows and pulling on handles of
cars. Surveillance camera footage shows Thomas being beaten, clubbed and stunned with a Taser by police. Thomas, who was mentally ill, dies five days later in the hospital. When the surveillance
video of Thomas's beating is released in May 2012, it sparks a nationwide outcry.
May 9, 2012 - Officer Manuel Ramos is charged with second-degree murder and involuntary manslaughter, and Cpl. Jay Patrick Cicinelli
is charged with involuntary manslaughter and felony use of excessive force.
May 16, 2012 - The City of Fullerton awards $1 million to Thomas' mother, Cathy Thomas.
January 23, 2017 - Department of Justice officials announce they will not pursue federal charges against the three officers for civil
2014 - New York - Eric Garner
July 17, 2014 - Eric Garner, 43, dies after Officer Daniel Pantaleo tackles him to the ground in a department-banned chokehold during
an arrest for allegedly selling cigarettes illegally. Garner is restrained on the ground by several officers. "I can't breathe," says Garner, who has asthma. The incident is recorded via cellphone
video. Garner dies later that day.
August 1, 2014 - The New York City Medical Examiner rules Garner's death a homicide.
2014 - Ferguson, Missouri - Michael
August 9, 2014 - During a struggle, a police officer in Ferguson fatally shoots an unarmed man, Michael Brown, 18.
August 9-10, 2014 -
Approximately 1,000 demonstrators protest Brown's death. The Ferguson-area protest turns violent and police begin
using tear gas and rubber bullets to disperse the crowd. Black Lives Matter, a protest movement that grew out of the Trayvon Martin shooting in 2012
, grows in visibility during the Ferguson demonstrations.
August 15, 2014 - Police identify the officer as 28-year-old Darren Wilson. Wilson is put on paid administrative leave after the
incident, and he is required to undergo two psychological evaluations before returning to duty. Governor Jay Nixon decides to put the Missouri State Highway Patrol in charge of security.
August 18, 2014 - Governor Jay Nixon calls in the Missouri National Guard to protect the police command center.
November 24, 2014 - A grand jury does not indict Wilson for Brown's shooting. Documents show that Wilson fired his gun 12 times.
Protests erupt after the hearing in Ferguson and nationwide.
November 29, 2014 - Wilson resigns from the Ferguson police force.
June 20, 2017 - A settlement is reached
in the Brown family wrongful death lawsuit against the city of Ferguson.
While the details of the settlement are not disclosed to the public, US Federal Judge Richard Webber calls the settlement, "fair and reasonable compensation."
2015 - North Charleston, South
Carolina - Walter Scott
April 4, 2015 - North Charleston police officer Michael Slager fatally shoots Walter Scott, 50, an unarmed motorist stopped for a
broken brake light. Slager says he feared for his life after Scott grabbed his Taser.
April 7, 2015 - Cellphone video of the incident is released. It shows Scott running away and Slager shooting him in the back. Slager
is charged with first-degree murder.
October 8, 2015 - The North Charleston City Council approves a $6.5 million settlement with the family of Walter Scott.
January 4, 2016 - Slager is released on a $500,000 cash bond.
November 3, 2016 - Opening statements begin in Slager's trial.
November 29, 2016 - Slager testifies on the stand.
2015 - Baltimore - Freddie Gray
April 12, 2015 -
Police arrest 25-year-old Freddie Gray on a weapons charge
after he is found with a knife in his pocket. Witness
video contains audio of Gray screaming as officers carry him to the prisoner transport van. After arriving at the police station, he is transferred to a trauma clinic with a severe spinal injury. He
falls into a coma and dies one week later.
April 21, 2015 - The names of six officers involved in the arrest
are released. Lt. Brian Rice, 41, Officer Caesar
Goodson, 45, Sgt. Alicia White, 30, Officer William Porter, 25, Officer Garrett Miller, 26, and Officer Edward Nero, 29, are all suspended.
April 24, 2015 - Baltimore police acknowledge Gray did not get timely medical care after his arrest and was not buckled into a seat
belt while being transported in a police van.
April 27, 2015 -
Protests turn into riots on the day of Gray's funeral
. At least 20 officers are injured as police and protesters clash on
the streets. A video
shows police in riot gear take cover behind an armored vehicle, as protesters pelt them with
rocks. Gov. Larry Hogan's office declares a state of emergency and activates the National Guard to address the unrest.
May 21, 2015 - A Baltimore grand jury indicts six officers in the death of Freddie Gray. The officers face a range of charges from
involuntary manslaughter to reckless endangerment. Goodman, the driver of the transport van, will face the most severe charge: second-degree depraved-heart murder.
November 30, 2015 - Porter's trial begins.
He faces charges of manslaughter, assault and reckless endangerment. The
Baltimore jury is comprised of eight women, five black and three white, and four men, three black and one white. The alternates are three white men and one black man.
December 7, 2015 - Due to a medical emergency, the judge dismisses a juror. The jury is now comprised of seven women, four black and
three white, and five men, three black and two white. The alternates are two white men and one black man.
December 16, 2015 - The judge declares a mistrial in Porter's case after jurors say they are deadlocked.
June 23, 2016 - Goodson is acquitted of all charges.
July 27, 2016 - Prosecutors drop charges
against the three remaining officers awaiting trial in connection with
August 10, 2016 - A Justice Department investigation
finds that the Baltimore Police Department
engages in unconstitutional practices that lead to disproportionate rates of stops, searches and arrests of African-Americans. The report also finds excessive use of force against juveniles and
people with mental health disabilities.
September 12, 2017 -
The Justice Department announces
it will not pursue federal civil rights charges
against the six Baltimore police officers.
2015 - Chicago - Laquan McDonald
April 13, 2015 - Federal and state authorities announce that they will conduct a joint investigation into McDonald's death spearheaded
by the Chicago branch of the FBI.
April 15, 2015 - The city reaches a settlement with McDonald's family, agreeing to pay $5 million, though the family had not filed a
November 19, 2015 - A judge in Chicago orders the city to release the police dashcam video that shows the shooting. For months, the
city had fought attempts to have the video released to the public, saying it could jeopardize any ongoing investigation. The decision is the result of a Freedom of Information Act request by
freelance journalist, Brandon Smith.
June 27, 2017 - Three officers are indicted on felony conspiracy, official misconduct and obstruction of justice charges for allegedly
lying to investigators.
October 9, 2019 -
Inspector General Joseph Ferguson releases a report
detailing a cover-up involving 16 officers and supervisors.
2016 - Falcon Heights, Minnesota -
June 26, 2017 -
It is announced that the family of Castile has reached a $3 million
with the city of St. Anthony, Minnesota.
2016 - Tulsa, Oklahoma - Terence
September 16, 2016 - Tulsa Police Officer Betty Shelby fatally shoots Terence Crutcher, a 40-year-old unarmed black man, after his car
is found abandoned in the middle of the road.
September 22, 2016 - Officer Shelby is charged with felony first-degree manslaughter
. The criminal complaint against Shelby
says her "fear resulted in her unreasonable actions which led her to shooting" Crutcher. She is accused of "unlawfully and unnecessarily" shooting Crutcher after he did not comply with her "lawful
November 29, 2016 - Shelby is ordered to stand trial for first-degree manslaughter.
May 15, 2017 - Shelby takes the witness stand in her own defense,
testifying that she opened fire because she
feared for her life when Crutcher reached into his vehicle to get what could have been a gun. Shelby says the decision to shoot Crutcher stemmed from her police training.
October 25, 2017 - A Tulsa County District Court judge grants Shelby's petition to have her record expunged.
2018 - Pittsburgh - Antwon Rose
October 28, 2019 - A $2 million settlement
is finalized in a wrongful death lawsuit filed against
Rosfeld and East Pittsburgh.
2018 - Arlington, Texas - O'Shae
September 1, 2018 - During a traffic stop, O'Shae Terry is gunned down by an Arlington police officer. Terry, 24, was pulled over for
having an expired temporary tag on his car. During the stop, officers reportedly smelled marijuana in the vehicle. Police video from the scene shows officer Bau Tran firing into the car as Terry
tries to drive away. Investigators later locate a concealed firearm, marijuana and ecstasy pills in the vehicle.
October 19, 2018 - The Arlington Police Department releases information about a criminal investigation into the incident. According to
the release, Tran declined to provide detectives with a statement and the matter is pending with the Tarrant County Criminal District Attorney's Office. Tran is still employed by the police
department but is working on restricted duty status, according to the news release.
May 1, 2019 - A grand jury issues an indictment charging Tran with criminally negligent homicide. Arlington police announce that Tran
has been placed on leave.
May 17, 2019 - The Arlington Police Department announces Tran has been fired.